Functional Skills Maths Level 2 is the last of five maths qualifications that will help you learn maths skills for the workplace and at home. At Level 2 Maths, you’ll learn about the following maths topics: number and the number system, common measures, shape and space and, information and data.

Maths Level 2 – using numbers and the number system – whole numbers, fractions, decimals and percentages

During level 2 maths, you’ll learn to be able to;

  • Use numbers of any size; read, write and make use of positive and negative integers of any size.
  • Use, order and compare integers, fractions, decimals, percentages and ratios.
  • Recognise the value of a digit in any whole or decimal number.
  • use numerical and spatial patterns for a purpose and calculate with, and convert between, numbers written as fractions, decimals, percentages and ratios.

The specific content areas you’ll cover at level 2 maths about numbers and the number system are:

  • 1. Read, write, order and compare positive and negative numbers of any size.
  • 2. Carry out calculations with numbers up to one million including strategies to check answers including estimation and approximation.
  • 3. Evaluate expressions and make substitutions in given formulae in words and symbols.
  • 4. Identify and know the equivalence between fractions, decimals and percentages.
  • 5. Work out percentages of amounts and express one amount as a percentage of another.
  • 6. Calculate percentage change (any size increase and decrease), and original value after percentage change.
  • 7. Order, add, subtract and compare amounts or quantities using proper and improper fractions and mixed numbers.
  • 8. Express one number as a fraction of another.
  • 9. Order, approximate and compare decimals.
  • 10.Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals up to three decimal places.
  • 11.Understand and calculate using ratios, direct proportion and inverse proportion.
  • 12.Follow the order of precedence of operators, including indices.

Maths Level 2 – using common measures, shape and space

At Functional Skills Maths Level 2, you’ll learn to be able to work with measures, shape and space to:

  • Handle relationships between measurements of various kinds.
  • use angles and coordinates when involving position and direction.
  • make use of geometric properties in calculations with 2-D and 3-D shapes and understand the relationships between them.

The specific content areas you’ll cover at level 2 maths about common measures, shape and spare are:

  • 13. Calculate amounts of money, compound interest, percentage increases, decreases and discounts including tax and simple budgeting.
  • 14. Convert between metric and imperial units of length, weight and capacity using a) a conversion factor and b) a conversion graph.
  • 15. Calculate using compound measures including speed, density and rates of pay.
  • 16. Calculate perimeters and areas of 2-D shapes including triangles and circles and composite shapes including non-rectangular shapes (formulae given except for triangles and circles).
  • 17. Use formulae to find volumes and surface areas of 3-D shapes including cylinders (formulae to be given for 3-D shapes other than cylinders).
  • 18. Calculate actual dimensions from scale drawings and create a scale diagram given actual measurements.
  • 19. Use coordinates in 2-D, positive and negative, to specify the positions of points.
  • 20. Understand and use common 2-D representations of 3-D objects.
  • 21. Draw 3-D shapes to include plans and elevations.
  • 22. Calculate values of angles and/or coordinates with 2-D and 3-D shapes.

Maths Level 2 – handling information and data

You’ll learn about handling information and data at maths level 2. At level 2, you’ll learn how to:

  • Construct, interpret and evaluate a range of statistical diagrams.
  • Calculate and interpret probabilities.
  • Calculate, analyse, compare and interpret appropriate data sets, tables, diagrams and statistical measures such as common averages (mean, median, mode) and spread (range).
  • Use statistics to compare sets of data.
  • Identify patterns and trends from data as well as recognise simple correlation.

The specific content areas you’ll cover at level 2 maths about handling information and data are:

  • 23. Calculate the median and mode of a set of quantities.
  • 24. Estimate the mean of a grouped frequency distribution from discrete data.
  • 25. Use the mean, median, mode and range to compare two sets of data.
  • 26. Work out the probability of combined events including the use of diagrams and tables, including two-way tables.
  • 27. Express probabilities as fractions, decimals and percentages.
  • 28. Draw and interpret scatter diagrams and recognise positive and negative correlation.

Maths Level 2 – solving mathematical problems and decision making

During your Functional Skills Maths Level 2 course, you’ll learn how to confidently complete the following:

  • Read, understand, and use mathematical information and mathematical terms.
  • Address individual problems as described above.
  • Use knowledge and understanding to a required level of accuracy.
  • Identify suitable operations and calculations to generate results.
  • Analyse and interpret answers in the context of the original problem.
  • Check the sense and reasonableness of answers.
  • Present and explain results clearly and accurately demonstrating reasoning to support the process and show consistency with the evidence presented.

Where can I learn Functional Skills Maths Level 2?

To find level 2 maths courses near you, use the National Careers Service Course Finder. Organisations that offer free maths level 2 courses for adults include:

  • Further education colleges
  • Adult education centres
  • Some libraries
  • Other training providers